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Balloon-borne Large-Aperture Submillimeter Telescope for polarization: BLAST-pol.

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Title: Balloon-borne Large-Aperture Submillimeter Telescope for polarization: BLAST-pol.
Author: Marsden, Gaelen; Chapin, Edward; Halpern, Mark; Scott, Douglas
Issue Date: 2008
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2011-09-13
Publisher Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Citation: Marsden, Gaelen; Ade, Peter A. R.; Bock, James J.; Chapin, Edward L.; Chung, Jaspaul; Devlin, Mark J.; Dicker, Simon R.; Fissel, Laura M.; Griffin, Matt; Gundersen, Joshua O.; Halpern, Mark; Hargrave, Peter C.; Hughes, David H.; Klein, Jeffery; Korotkov, Andrei; MacTavish, Carrie J.; Martin, Peter G.; Martin, T. G.; Matthews, Tristan G.; Mauskopf, Philip D.; Moncelsi, Lorenzo; Netterfield, C. Barth; Novak, Giles; Pascale, Enzo; Olmi, Luca; Patanchon, Guillaume; Rex, Marie; Savini, Giorgio; Scott, Douglas; Semisch, Christopher; Thomas, Nicholas E.; Truch, Matthew D. P.; Tucker, Carole E.; Tucker, Gregory S.; Viero, Marco P.; Ward-Thompson, Derek Wiebe, Donald V. Balloon-borne Large-Aperture Submillimeter Telescope for polarization: BLAST-pol. Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, edited by William D. Duncan, Wayne S. Holland, Stafford Withington, Jonas Zmuidzina, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 7020, 702002, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.788413
Abstract: The Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope (BLAST) is a sub-orbital experiment designed to study the process of star formation in local galaxies (including the Milky Way) and in galaxies at cosmological distances. Using a 2m Cassegrain telescope, BLAST images the sky onto a focal plane, which consists of 270 bolometric detectors split between three arrays, observing simultaneously in 30% wide bands, centered at 250, 350, and 500 μm. The diffraction-limited optical system provides a resolution of 30" at 250 μm. The pointing system enables raster-like scans with a positional accuracy of ~30", reconstructed to better than 5" rms in postflight analysis. BLAST had two successful flights, from the Arctic in 2005, and from Antarctica in 2006, which provided the first high-resolution and large-area (~0.8−200 deg2) submillimeter surveys at these wavelengths. As a pathfinder for the SPIRE instrument on Herschel, BLAST shares with the ESA satellite similar focal plane technology and scientific motivation. A third flight in 2009 will see the instrument modified to be polarization-sensitive (BLAST-pol). With its unprecedented mapping speed and resolution, BLAST-pol will provide insights into Galactic star-forming nurseries, and give the necessary link between the larger, coarse resolution surveys and the narrow, resolved observations of star-forming structures from space and ground based instruments being commissioned in the next 5 years. Copyright 2008 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited
Affiliation: Science, Faculty ofPhysics and Astronomy, Department of
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/37291
Peer Review Status: Reviewed
Scholarly Level: Faculty

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