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An ecological audit of the regulatory requirements for surface coal mine reclamation in nine western North American jurisdictions

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dc.contributor.author Smyth, Clint R.
dc.contributor.author Dearden, Philip
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-14T20:45:03Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-14T20:45:03Z
dc.date.issued 1996
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2429/10804
dc.description.abstract The role of regulatory requirements and their impact on the design and implementation of high elevation coal mine reclamation programs was examined in nine mountainous western North American jurisdictions. This 'ecological audit' of regulatory requirements revealed that several jurisdictions are similar programatically in objectives but dissimilar substantively in regulatory provisions such as topographic modifications, revegetation, performance standards and enforcement. Information acquisition and dissemination also varied between jurisdictions. The current command-penalty model of environmental regulation results in adversarial interactions between government and industry in many of the jurisdictions and should be replaced by a formal negotiated system of regulation based on continuing research and adaptive management. en
dc.format.extent 223339 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.relation.ispartofseries British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium 1996 en
dc.title An ecological audit of the regulatory requirements for surface coal mine reclamation in nine western North American jurisdictions en
dc.type text en
dc.type.text conference Paper en
dc.description.affiliation Applied Science, Faculty of en
dc.description.reviewstatus en
dc.rights.copyright British Columbia Technical and Research Committee on Reclamation en


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