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OBSERVED GAS HYDRATE MORPHOLOGIES IN MARINE SEDIMENTS

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Title: OBSERVED GAS HYDRATE MORPHOLOGIES IN MARINE SEDIMENTS
Author: Holland, Melanie; Schultheiss, Peter; Roberts, John; Druce, Matthew
Subject Keywords gas hydrate;pressure core;dissociation;formation;veins;disseminated;fractures;production;ICGH 2008;International Conference on Gas Hydrates 2008
Issue Date: 2008-07
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2008-07-30
Citation: Holland, Melanie; Schultheiss, Peter; Roberts, John; Druce, Matthew. 2008. OBSERVED GAS HYDRATE MORPHOLOGIES IN MARINE SEDIMENTS. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Gas Hydrates (ICGH 2008), Vancouver, British Columbia, CANADA, July 6-10, 2008.
Abstract: Small-scale morphology of gas hydrate is important for understanding the formation of gas hydrate deposits, for estimating the concentrations of gas hydrate from geophysical data, and for predicting their response to climate change or commercial production. The recent use of borehole pressure coring tools has allowed marine gas-hydrate-bearing sediments to be recovered with centimeter to sub-millimeter gas hydrate structures preserved in their in situ condition. Once these sediment samples are recovered at in situ temperature and pressure, nondestructive analyses, including gamma density, P-wave velocity, and X-ray imaging, are used to examine the character of the gas hydrate relative to the structure of the surrounding sediment. Gas hydrate morphology from pressure core data is summarized from the recent national gas hydrate expeditions of India, China, and Korea, as well as from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 204, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 311, and the Gulf of Mexico Chevron-Texaco Joint Industry Project. The most striking result is the variability of gas hydrate morphology in clay, ranging from complex vein structures to an invisible pore-filling matrix. Both of these morphologies have been observed in clay sediments at gas hydrate saturations equivalent to 30-40% of pore volume. A clear knowledge of detailed gas hydrate morphology will provide important data to help determine the mechanisms of gas hydrate deposit formation and also provide crucial data for modeling the kinetics of deposit dissociation, from both natural and artificial causes. The morphology also has large effects on sedimentary physical properties, from seismic velocities on a large scale to borehole electrical resistivities on a smaller scale, and gas hydrate morphology will therefore impact estimation of gas hydrate saturation from geophysical data. The detailed morphology of gas hydrate is an essential component for a full understanding of the past, present, and future of any gas hydrate environment.
Affiliation: OtherOther
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/1201
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