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Do resources matter? : the cross cultural effect of gender ideology on the relationship between resources and marital power

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Title: Do resources matter? : the cross cultural effect of gender ideology on the relationship between resources and marital power
Author: Gozjolko, Kristi Lynne
Degree Master of Arts - MA
Program Family Studies
Copyright Date: 2006
Abstract: In most investigations of marital power the focus of the study is on an individual’s characteristics within the relationship with little consideration of the effect of the social context in which the relationship exists. This investigation not only tests the individual’s characteristics but also uses country context as a moderator. This study investigates the relationship between resources and marital power and the moderating effect of gender ideology as the country context. Using the 2002 International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) Family and Changing Gender Roles Module I11 data set allows a cross cultural comparative investigation to occur. From the ISSP 2002 one country is chosen to represent each context, egalitarian (Sweden), traditional (Philippines) and transitional (United States). Using multinomial logistic regression it is found that the resources of relative education and relative income do not directly increase the participant’s power but rather, depending on the gender of the respondent, resource contribution is found to increase or decrease the partner’s power. Country context did not moderate the relationship between relative resources and marital power as expected. This investigation does not necessarily suggest that cultural context does not matter to marital power but simply indicates that more research is needed. Future cross national comparative research could include more countries in the analysis to have a greater understanding of the relationship between resources and marital power across countries.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/17953
Series/Report no. UBC Retrospective Theses Digitization Project [http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/retro_theses/]
Scholarly Level: Graduate

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