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Community vulnerability and capacity in post-disaster recovery: the cases of Mano and Mikura neighbourhoods in the wake of the 1995 Kobe earthquake

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dc.contributor.author Yasui, Etsuko
dc.date.accessioned 2007-12-06T20:05:40Z
dc.date.available 2007-12-06T20:05:40Z
dc.date.copyright 2007 en
dc.date.issued 2007-12-06T20:05:40Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2429/213
dc.description.abstract This is a study of how two small neighbourhoods, Mano and Mikura, recovered from the 1995 Kobe (Japan) earthquake, with a particular focus on the relationship between community vulnerability and capacity. Few studies have examined these interactions, even though vulnerability reduction is recognized to be a vital component of community recovery. Drawing from literature on disaster recovery, community development, vulnerability analysis, community capacity building and the Kobe earthquake, a community vulnerability and capacity model is elaborated from Blaikie et al.’s Pressure and Release Model (1994) to analyze the interactions. The Mano and Mikura cases are analyzed by applying this model and relating outcomes to the community’s improved safety and quality of community lives. Based on the experience of Mano, appropriate long-term community development practices as well as community capacity building efforts in the past can contribute to the reduction of overall community vulnerability in the post-disaster period, while it is recovering. On the other hand, the Mikura case suggests that even though the community experiences high physical and social vulnerability in the pre-disaster period, if the community is able to foster certain conditions, including active CBOs, adequate availability and accessibility to resources, and a collaborative working relationship with governments, the community can make progress on recovery. Although both Mano and Mikura communities achieved vulnerability reduction as well as capacity building, the long-term sustainability of the two communities remains uncertain, as issues and challenges, such as residual and newly emerging physical vulnerability, negative or slow population growth and aging, remained to create vulnerability to future disasters. The case studies reveal the interactions of community vulnerability and capacity to be highly complex and contingent on many contextual considerations. en
dc.format.extent 3022179 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher University of British Columbia
dc.relation.ispartof Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) 2008+ en
dc.subject disaster recovery en
dc.subject vulnerability analysis en
dc.subject capacity building en
dc.subject community planning en
dc.subject 1995 Kobe earthquake en
dc.subject community development en
dc.title Community vulnerability and capacity in post-disaster recovery: the cases of Mano and Mikura neighbourhoods in the wake of the 1995 Kobe earthquake en
dc.type Text
dc.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy - PhD en
dc.degree.discipline Planning en
dc.degree.grantor University of British Columbia
dc.date.graduation 2008-05 en
dc.type.text Thesis/Dissertation en
dc.description.affiliation Applied Science, Faculty of
dc.degree.campus UBCV en
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en

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