Go to  Advanced Search

U.H.F. radio echo sounding of Yukon glaciers

Show full item record

Files in this item

Files Size Format Description   View
UBC_1979_A1 N37.pdf 11.50Mb Adobe Portable Document Format   View/Open
 
Title: U.H.F. radio echo sounding of Yukon glaciers
Author: Narod, Brian Barry
Degree Doctor of Philosophy - PhD
Program Geophysics
Copyright Date: 1979
Subject Keywords Glaciers --Yukon Territory; Echo sounding
Abstract: A high-resolution radio echo sounder operating at a frequency of 840 MHz has been developed for sounding of small and medium-sized polar glaciers and ice caps. The sounder uses a compact, high-gain antenna which improves the system performance, suppresses valley wall echoes and simplifies operation from light aircraft. Successful field trials were carried out on the Rusty, Trapridge and Hazard Glaciers, Yukon Territory, Canada. Results of airborne surveys compare well with ice depths obtained from earlier ground-based soundings on the Rusty and Trapridge Glaciers. The maximum ice thickness encountered was 200 m on Hazard Glacier. Owing to the high operating frequency, random scattering from inhomogeneities within the ice is a major cause of signal degradation. For this reason the sounder cannot penetrate great thicknesses of temperate or debris-rich ice. Spatial averaging, an immediate result of operating from a moving platform, reduces the effects of back-scattered "clutter. " Results of ground-based tests on the Hazard Glacier yield a value for ftan 8 = 0.26 at -50C, in agreement with predicted values. The total received power and the echo details have both been found to be very sensitive to small (<<I0 cm) changes in antennae position. Large fluctuations in power, caused by roughness at or near the ice/air surface, prevented using single coverage data to detect birefringence in glacier ice. The results also indicate that the standard photographic records should be replaced by a recording medium capable of storing more precise and accessible data. A storage medium such as magnetic tape should not degrade the radar data, and would at the same time relieve a data processing burden.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/21914
Series/Report no. UBC Retrospective Theses Digitization Project [http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/retro_theses/]
Scholarly Level: Graduate

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

All items in cIRcle are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

UBC Library
1961 East Mall
Vancouver, B.C.
Canada V6T 1Z1
Tel: 604-822-6375
Fax: 604-822-3893