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Whatcha' Looking At? A Measure of the Impact of Individual Differences in Drug and Alcohol Experience on Attentional Bias and Memory Associations

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Title: Whatcha' Looking At? A Measure of the Impact of Individual Differences in Drug and Alcohol Experience on Attentional Bias and Memory Associations
Author: McCrea, Kim
Issue Date: 2009
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2010-07-30
Series/Report no. University of British Columbia, Okanagan campus, Psychology Undergraduate Honours Essays
Abstract: Aims: This study examined whether attentional bias to alcohol and marijuana cues is related to recency and frequency of alcohol and marijuana use in a non-clinical population and compared it with other indirect measures of substance use associations. Method: Times spent looking at alcohol and marijuana cues in pictures were recorded using eye-tracking. Participants also completed cognitive tasks and a survey. Findings: Time spent looking at cues was a good predictor of frequency of alcohol and marijuana use. The new measure was correlated with the other cognitive measures of substance use associations. Conclusions: Attentional bias was found in individuals who are non-clinical substance users. Visual cues associated with substance use elicit attention and may potentially index motivation to use.
Affiliation: Psychology, Department of (PSCS) (IKBSAS) (Okanagan)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/27020
Peer Review Status: Unreviewed

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