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The contribution of temperament to children's happiness

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dc.contributor.author Klassen, Andrea Nicole
dc.date.accessioned 2008-11-20T21:28:03Z
dc.date.available 2008-11-20T21:28:03Z
dc.date.copyright 2008 en
dc.date.issued 2008-11-20T21:28:03Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2429/2805
dc.description.abstract The relation between temperament and happiness in children aged 8-12 was examined. Participants included 311 students in Grades 4-6 and their parents, recruited from public and private schools in the Central Okanagan. Parents rated their children’s temperament using the Emotionality, Activity, and Sociability (EAS) Temperament Survey (Buss & Plomin, 1984) and rated their children’s happiness using a single-item measure. Children rated their own temperament using the EAS Temperament Survey and the Piers- Harris Self Concept Scale for Children, Second Edition (Piers-Harris 2) (Piers & Herzberg, 2002). Children also rated their own happiness using a single-item measure, the Oxford Happiness Scale, Short Form (Hills & Arygle, 2002), and the Subjective Happiness Scale (Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999). Confirmatory factor analyses established that parent and child ratings on the EAS Temperament Survey conformed to the four-factor structure proposed by Buss and Plomin (1984). Multiple regression analyses revealed that temperament accounted for between 9-29% of the variance in children’s happiness depending on the rater (i.e., parents vs. children) and the measure of happiness. Individual temperament variables that predicted a unique amount of the variance of children’s happiness over and above the combined effect of all temperament variables varied with the rater of children’s temperament (i.e., parents vs. children) and with the measure of happiness. Children who were more social, less shy, less emotional, and more free from anxiety rated themselves, and were rated by others, as happier. Children who scored higher on the activity temperament rated themselves, and were rated by others, as happier. The results of the current study parallel results of research investigating the relation between happiness and personality in adults. It establishes a strong relation between temperament and happiness, and iii supports the use of self-reports with children. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed. en
dc.format.extent 705039 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher University of British Columbia
dc.relation.ispartof Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) 2008+ en
dc.subject Temperament en
dc.subject Happiness en
dc.subject Children ages 8-12 en
dc.subject Grades 4-6 en
dc.subject Emotionality, activity, and sociability temperament survey en
dc.subject EAS en
dc.subject Piers-Harris self concept scale for children en
dc.subject Oxford happiness scale en
dc.subject Subjective happiness scale en
dc.title The contribution of temperament to children's happiness en
dc.type Text
dc.degree.name Master of Arts - MA en
dc.degree.discipline Interdisciplinary Studies en
dc.degree.grantor University of British Columbia
dc.date.graduation 2008-11 en
dc.type.text Thesis/Dissertation en
dc.description.affiliation Arts, Faculty of
dc.degree.campus UBCO en
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en

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