Go to  Advanced Search

Molecular genetic analysis of the saccharomyces cerevisiae Mat Locus

Show full item record

Files in this item

Files Size Format Description   View
UBC_1988_A1 P67.pdf 7.316Mb Adobe Portable Document Format   View/Open
Title: Molecular genetic analysis of the saccharomyces cerevisiae Mat Locus
Author: Porter, Susan Dorothy
Degree Doctor of Philosophy - PhD
Program Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Copyright Date: 1987
Subject Keywords Molecular genetics; Molecular Biology; Saccharomyces cerevisiae -- Genetics; Yeast fungi -- Genetics; Yeasts -- genetics
Abstract: The MAT∝ locus of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes two regulatory proteins responsible for determining the ∝cell type. The MAT∝1 gene encodes ∝1, a positive regulator of ∝cell-specific genes, whereas the MAT∝2 gene encodes a negative regulator of a cell-specific genes (∝2). MAT∝2. (in conjunction with the MATα1 gene) also determines the α/∝ diploid cell type by repressing haploid-specific genes. ∝2 exerts its effect at the transcriptional level in the ∝ cell by binding to a sequence located upstream of α cell-specific genes. The present study undertook to examine, through in vitro genetic manipulation, the structure/function relationship of the MAT∝ regulatory proteins, particularly∝2, in their role as gene regulators. The construction of mutant MAT∝2 genes containing termination codons at various points within the gene, and subsequent transformation of the mutant genes into mat∝2 yeast, indicated that the carboxy-terminal one-third of the gene product was necessary for full repressor activity in the haploid as well as in the diploid. A segment within the carboxy-terminal one-third of ∝2 displays some homology to the higher eukaryote homeo domain as well as to a prokaryotic bihelical DNA-binding structural motif. This region of the gene was subjected to semi-random missense mutagenesis in vitro and the mutant genes were analyzed by transformation into strains containing chimaeric genes that encode β-galactosidase from ∝2 and a1/∝2. repressible promoters. In this manner it was demonstrated that most of those residues in ∝2. which correspond to conserved amino acids in the prokaryotic DNA-binding structure and in the homeo domain are essential for the two repressor activities of ∝2. Several mutations more severely affected the ability of ∝2 to repress α-specific genes than haploid-specific genes. Analysis of the temperature dependence of the activities of some of the mutants was consistent with the existence of a helix-turn-helix structure at this region of the protein. Finally, further analysis of some of these mutants in vitro confirmed that the observed defect correlated with a loss of DNA-binding activity.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/29166
Series/Report no. UBC Retrospective Theses Digitization Project [http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/retro_theses/]
Scholarly Level: Graduate

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

All items in cIRcle are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

UBC Library
1961 East Mall
Vancouver, B.C.
Canada V6T 1Z1
Tel: 604-822-6375
Fax: 604-822-3893