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Dairy manure treatment using solid-liquid separation and microwave enhanced advanced oxidation process

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Title: Dairy manure treatment using solid-liquid separation and microwave enhanced advanced oxidation process
Author: Yawson, Selina Kuukuwa
Degree Master of Applied Science - MASc
Program Civil Engineering
Copyright Date: 2010
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2010-10-18
Abstract: Dairy manure treatment, using solid-liquid separation and microwave enhanced advanced oxidation process (MW/H₂O₂-AOP), was investigated. The objectives of the research were to determine: 1) the nutrient and metal composition of solid and liquid fractions of raw dairy manure following solid-liquid separation, 2) the effects of MW/H₂O₂-AOP operating factors of temperature, hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) dosage, acid concentration and heating time on sugar production and nutrient release from solid dairy manure. Solid-liquid separation of raw dairy manure, using a 1mm laboratory sieve, showed that solid fractions had a higher composition of TS and volatile solids (VS), while the liquid fractions were richer in nutrients and metals. Laboratory separation by screening alone was not effective in removing high amounts of nutrients and solids from the raw manure. Screening experiments were conducted using cellulose fibers to study the effects of temperature, acid concentration, H₂O₂ dosage and heating time on sugar production, with the aim of applying the results to dairy manure lignocellulosic material. Sugar production increased when acid concentration was increased from 1% to 3%, but decreased with an increase to 10%. More sugar was produced at 160°C compared to 120°C. Sugar production decreased with increasing time. Microwave irradiation of solid dairy manure at pH 2, temperatures of 80, 120 and 160°C, H₂O₂ dosages of 0 to 0.50 mL, and heating times of 10 to 20 min, showed that more sugars were released at higher temperatures. Temperature and hydrogen peroxide dosage were identified as the most important factors affecting solubilization of phosphorus and ammonia. Subsequently, a two-stage acid hydrolysis process, using MW/H₂O₂-AOP, was used to investigate sugar production and solubilization of phosphorus and ammonia from solid dairy manure at: 3% acid concentration, 120 and 160°C, 0 and 2 mL H₂O₂ and heating times of 20 and 60min. To enhance sugar production from solid dairy manure, the microwave should be operated at higher temperatures and shorter heating times with no H₂O₂. For ammonia and phosphorus solubilization, higher temperatures and longer heating times, in the presence of H₂O₂, would be advantageous. MW/H₂O₂-AOP is therefore an efficient means for treating diary manure for nutrient recovery.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/29232
Scholarly Level: Graduate

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