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Baroclinic and Barotropic Instabilities of Coastal Currents.

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Title: Baroclinic and Barotropic Instabilities of Coastal Currents.
Author: Mysak, Lawrence A.; Johnson, E. R.; Hsieh, William W.
Issue Date: 1981-02
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2011-04-05
Publisher American Meteorological Society
Citation: Mysak, Lawrence A., Johnson, E.R., Hsieh, William W. 1981. Baroclinic and Barotropic Instabilities of Coastal Currents. Journal of Physical Oceanography 11(2) 209-230. dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(1981)011<0209:BABIOC>2.0.CO;2
Abstract: The two-layer baroclinic instability model of the California Undercurrent from Mysak (1977) is modified to investigate the effects of the lateral boundary conditions on the stability properties of the system. As is common in baroclinic instability calculations, Mysak (1977) assumes the mean flow along the continental rise to be bounded laterally by vertical rigid walls, thus allowing the cross-stream structure of the perturbation flow to be decomposed into simple normal modes. Instability then occurs when waves of the same cross-stream structure interact. The dominant instability is that associated with the gravest mode. In the first model presented here we consider the effect of replacing the rigid outer boundary with a quiescent, constant-depth ocean. Waves of short longshore wavelength are not greatly affected by the open seaward boundary. However, as consideration is turned to waves of longer longshore wavelength, the cross-stream wavenumber departs further from the integral values of the channel-flow problem and another class of baroclinic instabilities occurs due to interaction between waves of differing cross-stream structure. Nevertheless, the dominant baroclinic instability remains that associated with the gravest mode. A new barotropic instability is also present, drawing energy from the horizontal shear between the coastal current and the quiescent ocean. In the second model the rigid outer boundary is retained but the inner boundary is replaced by a shallow sloping region, modeling the effects of a sloping shelf adjoining the coastal current which flows along the continental rise. Topographic waves are present above the sloping inshore region. These waves are coupled with the channel waves. Once again the cross-stream wavenumber departs from the integral values of the channel problem and instabilities are present due to interaction between waves of differing cross-stream structure. As in the previous model the dominant baroclinic instability is that of the gravest mode and a new barotropic instability is present due to the lateral shear in the mean flow at the shelf break. For both models, a parameter study is presented in which we determine the effects of varying the shear, stratification and bottom slope. Copyright 1981 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC §108, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a web site or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, requires written permission or a license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy, available on the AMS Web site located at (http://www.ametsoc.org/) or from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or copyright@ametsoc.org.
Affiliation: Science, Faculty ofEarth and Ocean Sciences, Department of
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/33304
Peer Review Status: Reviewed
Scholarly Level: Faculty

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