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Accuracy of Point and Line Measures of Boundary Layer Cloud Amount.

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Title: Accuracy of Point and Line Measures of Boundary Layer Cloud Amount.
Author: Berg, Larry K.; Stull, Roland B.
Issue Date: 2002-06
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2011-04-11
Publisher American Meteorological Society
Citation: Berg, Larry K., Stull, Roland B. 2002. Accuracy of Point and Line Measures of Boundary Layer Cloud Amount. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 41(6) 640-650. dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(2002)041<0640:AOPALM>2.0.CO;2
Abstract: Many authors have used upward-looking instruments, such as a laser ceilometer, to estimate the cover of fairweather cumuli, but little has been mentioned as to the accuracy of these measurements. Results are presented, using a simulated cloud field and a virtual aircraft, that show that sampling errors can be very large for averaging times commonly used with surface instruments. A set of empirical equations is found to provide an estimate of the errors associated with averaging time and earth cover. These relationships can be used to design observation strategies (averaging time or flight-leg length) that provide earth-cover estimates within desired error bounds. These results are used to guide a comparison between earth cover measured by an airborne upward-looking pyranometer and earth cover observed by airborne scientists in a research aircraft. In general, the agreement between these two methods is good. Copyright 2002 American Meteorological Society (AMS). Permission to use figures, tables, and brief excerpts from this work in scientific and educational works is hereby granted provided that the source is acknowledged. Any use of material in this work that is determined to be “fair use” under Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act or that satisfies the conditions specified in Section 108 of the U.S. Copyright Act (17 USC §108, as revised by P.L. 94-553) does not require the AMS’s permission. Republication, systematic reproduction, posting in electronic form, such as on a web site or in a searchable database, or other uses of this material, except as exempted by the above statement, requires written permission or a license from the AMS. Additional details are provided in the AMS Copyright Policy, available on the AMS Web site located at (http://www.ametsoc.org/) or from the AMS at 617-227-2425 or copyright@ametsoc.org.
Affiliation: Science, Faculty ofEarth and Ocean Sciences, Department of
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/33513
Peer Review Status: Reviewed
Scholarly Level: Faculty

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