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Large strain actuation in polypyrrole actuators

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Title: Large strain actuation in polypyrrole actuators
Author: Vandesteeg, Nathan A.; Rinderknecht, Derek; Anquetil, Patrick A.; Hunter, Ian W.; Madden, John D.
Issue Date: 2004
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2011-06-01
Publisher Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Citation: Anquetil, Patrick A.; Rinderknecht, Derek; Vandesteeg, Nathan A.; Madden, John D.; Hunter, Ian W. Large strain actuation in polypyrrole actuators. Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD), edited by Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Proceedings of SPIE Volume 5385, 380-387, 2004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.540141
Abstract: A typical limitation of polypyrrole based conducting polymer actuators is the low achievable active linear strains (2 % recoverable at 10 MPa, 7 % max) that these active materials exhibit when activated in a common propylene carbonate / tetraethylammonium hexafluorophosphate electrolyte. Mammalian skeletal muscle, on the other hand, exhibits large recoverable linear strains on the order of 20%. Such large linear strains are desirable for applications in life-like robotics, artificial prostheses or medical devices. We report herein the measurement of recoverable linear strains in excess of 14 % at 2.5 MPa (20 % max) for polypyrrole activated in the 1-butyl-3-methyl imidazolium tetrafluoroborate liquid salt electrolyte. This advancement in conducting polymer actuator technology will impact many engineering fields, where a lightweight, large displacement actuator is needed. Benefits and trade offs of utilizing ionic liquid electrolytes for higher performance polypyrrole actuation are discussed. Copyright 2004 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Affiliation: Electrical and Computer Engineering, Dept of
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/35021
Peer Review Status: Reviewed
Scholarly Level: Faculty

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