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NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field near-infrared facility adaptive optics.

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Title: NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field near-infrared facility adaptive optics.
Author: Hickson, Paul
Issue Date: 2006
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2011-09-19
Publisher Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Citation: Herriot, Glen; Hickson, Paul; Ellerbroek, Brent L.; Andersen, David A.; Davidge, Timothy; Erickson, David A.; Powell, Ian P.; Clare, Richard M.; Gilles, Luc; Boyer, Corinne; Smith, Malcolm; Saddlemyer, Leslie; Veran, Jean-Pierre. NFIRAOS: TMT narrow field near-infrared facility adaptive optics. Advances in Adaptive Optics II, edited by Brent L. Ellerbroek, Domenico Bonaccini Calia. Proceedings of SPIE Volume 6272, 62720Q, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.672337
Abstract: Although many of the instruments planned for the TMT (Thirty Meter Telescope) have their own closely-coupled adaptive optics systems, TMT will also have a facility Adaptive Optics (AO) system, NFIRAOS, feeding three instruments on the Nasmyth platform. This Narrow-Field Infrared Adaptive Optics System, employs conventional deformable mirrors with large diameters of about 300 mm. The requirements for NFIRAOS include 1.0-2.5 microns wavelength range, 30 arcsecond diameter science field of view (FOV), excellent sky coverage, and diffraction-limited atmospheric turbulence compensation (specified at 133 nm RMS including residual telescope and science instrument errors.) The reference design for NFIRAOS includes six sodium laser guide stars over a 70 arcsecond FOV, and multiple infrared tip/tilt sensors and a natural guide star focus sensor within instruments. Larger telescopes require greater deformable mirror (DM) stroke. Although initially NFIRAOS will correct a 10 arcsecond science field, it uses two deformable mirrors in series, partly to provide sufficient stroke for atmospheric correction over the 30 m telescope aperture, but mainly to improve sky coverage by sharpening near-IR natural guide stars over a 2 arcminute diameter "technical" field. The planned upgrade to full performance includes replacing the ground-conjugated DM with a higher actuator density, and using a deformable telescope secondary mirror as a "woofer." NFIRAOS feeds three live instruments: a near-Infrared integral field Imaging spectrograph, a near-infrared echelle spectrograph, and after upgrading NFIRAOS to full multi-conjugation, a wide field (30 arcsecond) infrared camera. Copyright 2006 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Affiliation: Physics and Astronomy, Dept of
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/37478
Peer Review Status: Reviewed
Scholarly Level: Faculty

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