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Beyond music sharing: an evaluation of peer-to-peer data dissemination techniques in large scientific collaborations

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Title: Beyond music sharing: an evaluation of peer-to-peer data dissemination techniques in large scientific collaborations
Author: Al Kiswany, Samer
Degree Master of Applied Science - MASc
Program Electrical and Computer Engineering
Copyright Date: 2007
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2008-02-20
Subject Keywords data dissemination; grid computing; peer-to-oeer
Abstract: The avalanche of data from scientific instruments and the ensuing interest from geographically distributed users to analyze and interpret it accentuates the need for efficient data dissemination. An optimal data distribution scheme will find the delicate balance between conflicting requirements of minimizing transfer times, minimizing the impact on the network, and uniformly distributing load among participants. We identify several data distribution techniques, some successfully employed by today's peer-to-peer networks: staging, data partitioning, orthogonal bandwidth exploitation, and combinations of the above. We use simulations to explore the performance of these techniques in contexts similar to those used by today's data-centric scientific collaborations and derive several recommendations for efficient data dissemination. Our experimental results show that the peer-to-peer solutions that offer load balancing and good fault tolerance properties and have embedded participation incentives lead to unjustified costs in today's scientific data collaborations deployed on over-provisioned network cores. However, as user communities grow and these deployments scale, peer-to-peer data delivery mechanisms will likely outperform other techniques.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/394

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