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American missionaries and the Nanking massacre : a history of humanitarians, collaborators, and evangelists

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Title: American missionaries and the Nanking massacre : a history of humanitarians, collaborators, and evangelists
Author: Wong, Wilbert
Subject Keywords Nanjing Massacre, Nanking Massacre, International Committee of the Nanking Safety Zone, Nanking Christian War Relief Committee, American missionaries in China, Minnie Vautrin, Miner Searle Bates, Wilson Plumer Mills, George A. Fitch, Robert O. Wilson, John Magee, Ernest Forster, Lewis S.C. Smythe, John Rabe, War of Resistance
Issue Date: 2012-04-30
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2012-06-25
Series/Report no. University of British Columbia. Dept of History. Honours Essays, 2012
Abstract: Although American missionaries composed the majority of foreign relief workers during the Nanking Massacre of 1937, their collective role has not received significant scholarly study. Instead, the current historiography has emphasized the role of the International Committee (IC) under John Rabe's leadership. This thesis argues that the American missionaries served as the actual nucleus of relief efforts during the Massacre by disaggregating the IC into its different components as well as examining events shortly before and after the Massacre. By emphasizing the role of the missionaries, this thesis provides a nuanced alternative to the heroic narrative of the Westerners' resistance against Japanese occupation and violence. Instead, resistance was accompanied by collaboration and evangelism as the American missionaries sought to preserve both life and soul through their relief efforts during the Nanking Massacre.
Affiliation: History, Dept. of
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/42544
Peer Review Status: Unreviewed
Scholarly Level: Undergraduate

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