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Peer review and authority in scientific research

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Title: Peer review and authority in scientific research
Author: Mukunda, Keshav
Subject Keywords Peer review;open access;scientific authority
Issue Date: 2011-08-03
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2012-07-18
Series/Report no. University of British Columbia; LIBR 559L
Abstract: This paper studies the historical and philosophical roots of the current system of anonymous peer review in the field of scientific research. Using the intellectual disputes between the experimentalist Robert Boyle and the philosopher Thomas Hobbes in the late 17th century to frame opposing views of the structure and role of such review in the natural sciences, the paper argues that present attempts to refashion the prevailing environment of peer review – specifically through the use of open review models – can result in greater transparency and credibility in research, which in turn lends greater authority to the results of such work.
Affiliation: Arts, Faculty ofLibrary, Archival and Information Studies, School of
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/42737
Peer Review Status: Unreviewed
Scholarly Level: Graduate

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