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Ḵ̓a̱ngex̱tola sewn-on-top : Kwak'wala revitalization and being indigenous

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dc.contributor.author Rosborough, Patricia Christine
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-17T21:48:52Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-17T21:48:52Z
dc.date.copyright 2012 en_US
dc.date.issued 2012-08-17
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2429/42965
dc.description.abstract Kwak’wala, the language of the Kwakwa̱ka̱’wakw, like the languages of all Indigenous peoples of British Columbia, is considered endangered. Documentation and research on Kwak’wala began more than a century ago, and efforts to revitalize Kwak’wala have been under way for more than three decades. For Indigenous peoples in colonizing societies, language revitalization is a complex endeavour. Within the fields of language revitalization and Indigenous studies, the practices and policies of colonization have been identified as key factors in Indigenous language decline. This study deepens the understanding of the supports for and barriers to Kwak’wala revitalization. Emphasizing Indigenization as a key aspect of decolonization, the study explored the relationship between Kwak’wala learning and being Indigenous. The study was conducted through a Ḵ̓a̱ngex̱tola framework, an Indigenous methodology based on the metaphor of creating a button blanket, the ceremonial regalia of the Kwaka̱ka̱’wakw. The research has built understanding through the author’s experience as a Kwak’wala learner and the use of various approaches to language learning, including two years with the Master-Apprentice approach. The research employs the researcher’s journals and personal stories, as well as interviews with six individuals who are engaged in Kwak’wala revitalization. The study’s conclusion is that the complexity of the task of Kwak’wala revitalization requires a multifaceted approach by applying Indigenous principles to teaching and learning and must take into account the impacts of colonization. Further, it is important to sustain the spirit of the language by maintaining the literal and symbolic meanings and constructs of Kwak’wala that are important in the transmission and maintenance of Kwakwa̱ka̱’wakw culture. In addition, encouragement, safe environments and relationships for language work through explicit agreements and commitment, and clear language-acquisitions goals are identified as important supports for Kwak’wala learning and speaking. This research has led to an understanding of what supports the learning and speaking of Kwak’wala, which will assist others in their own language learning and the development of Indigenizing language revitalization programs. en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher University of British Columbia en
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ *
dc.title Ḵ̓a̱ngex̱tola sewn-on-top : Kwak'wala revitalization and being indigenous en_US
dc.type Electronic Thesis or Dissertation en
dc.degree.name Doctor of Education - EdD en_US
dc.degree.discipline Educational Leadership and Policy en_US
dc.degree.grantor University of British Columbia en
dc.date.graduation 2012-11 en_US
dc.degree.campus UBCV en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en


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