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Moral lessons from the harsh teacher : Thucydides, Nietzsche, and the sophists

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dc.contributor.author Thompson, Tristan Nicholas
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-16T19:38:38Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-16T19:38:38Z
dc.date.copyright 2012 en
dc.date.issued 2012-10-16
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2429/43412
dc.description.abstract This paper suggests an unconventional solution to the “moral question” regarding Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. The term “moral question” refers to the fact that a significant number of current leading commentators on Thucydides think that the historian must have some form of moral outlook, but experience difficulty when they attempt to decipher a moral perspective from the historian's text. To find a solution to the “moral question”, this paper looks back to a short passage written by Friedrich Nietzsche titled “What I Owe to the Ancients.” In this short and highly personal essay, Nietzsche suggests that the key to properly reading Thucydides is to interpret him in the context of the sophists, teachers of rhetoric and moral philosophers prominent in Thucydides' 4th century Athens. By comparing statements on the sophists that appear throughout Nietzsche's body of work to the surviving writings of the sophists and their contemporaries, a picture of “sophist culture” is established, in order to test the hypothesis that Thucydides can be profitably interpreted as expressing a sophistic understanding of morality. A “sophistic understanding of morality”, in the simplest terms, centers on the the relativity of morals, the idea that morality has no real, concrete, and universal existence, and that morality is thus a fragile and changeable human construct. By following Nietzsche's picture of Thucydides as the “highest expression of sophist culture” to its fullest extent, we are able to answer the “moral question” of Thucydides' History, and to perceive a work that is itself a bold and challenging statement on the nature of morality, while containing relatively little explicit commentary on questions of right and wrong. en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher University of British Columbia en
dc.relation.ispartof Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) 2008+ en
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 Canada
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
dc.title Moral lessons from the harsh teacher : Thucydides, Nietzsche, and the sophists en
dc.type Text en
dc.degree.name Master of Arts - MA en
dc.degree.discipline Ancient Culture, Religion and Ethnicity en
dc.degree.grantor University of British Columbia en
dc.date.graduation 2012-11 en
dc.type.text Thesis/Dissertation en
dc.description.affiliation Arts, Faculty of
dc.degree.campus UBCV en
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en

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