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Enhancement of Kelowna's biosolids to energy conversion with thermal pretreatments

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Title: Enhancement of Kelowna's biosolids to energy conversion with thermal pretreatments
Author: Mehdizadeh, Seyedeh Neda
Degree Master of Applied Science - MASc
Program Civil Engineering
Copyright Date: 2012
Publicly Available in cIRcle 2013-10-25
Abstract: The potential of using biogas generated from organic waste as energy source is broadly recognized and anaerobic digestion has become a major part of modern wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Various pretreatment techniques have been recently developed to increase the quantity of biogas and reduce digester volume by enhancing the hydrolysis of waste material fed to the digesters. This study evaluates advanced anaerobic digestion incorporating thermal pretreatments (microwave at 2.45 GHz and conventional heating) as an alternative disposal method for the municipal biosolids generated by Kelowna WWTP (BC, Canada) which are currently composted. To be able to compare microwave irradiation with conventional heating under identical conditions (temperature/ heating rates), a custom pressure vessel was built for conventional heating. Biosolids heated from room temperature up to pretreatment temperatures of 80, 120 and 160oC at heating rate of (7.5oC/min) in the closed vessel microwave unit and the pressure sealed vessel. Both conventional heating and microwave pretreatments indicated that in a pretreatment range of 80-160oC, temperature was a statistically significant factor (p<0.05) for increasing solubilization of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biopolymers of the biosolids. Fourteen lab-scale semi-continuous digesters were operated for digestion of the biosolids to optimize energy (methane) output and sludge retention time (SRT) requirements of untreated (control) and thermally pretreated digesters. In general, relative (to control) organic removal efficiencies dramatically increased as SRT was shortened from 20 to 10 and 5 days, indicating that the control digesters were challenged as the organic loading was increased. Except the control digesters at the SRT of 5 days, all control and pretreated digesters achieved steady state at three SRTs, corresponding to volumetric organic loading rates of 1.74 to 6.96 g COD/L/d. At the SRT of 5 days, the controls stopped producing biogas after 20 days of operation while the pretreated digesters continued producing biogas. Energy analysis showed that all digesters had positive net energy productions except the digesters fed with sludge pretreated at 160oC and operated at SRT of 20 and 5 days. Digesters operated at 10 days SRT were more favorable, and they produced net energy of 1.3 - 9.6 (GJ/d/Tonne total solids added).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/43563
Scholarly Level: Graduate

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