Go to  Advanced Search

Danger appraisals as prospective predictors of disgust and avoidance

Show full item record

Files in this item

Files Size Format Description   View
ubc_2008_fall_dorfan_nicole.pdf 763.2Kb Adobe Portable Document Format   View/Open
Title: Danger appraisals as prospective predictors of disgust and avoidance
Author: Dorfan, Nicole Michelle
Degree: Doctor of Philosophy - PhD
Program: Psychology
Copyright Date: 2008
Subject Keywords Cognition;Appraisal;Contamination;Disgust;Anxiety;OCD
Issue Date: 2008-06-20
Publisher University of British Columbia
Abstract: Recent theories posit that cognitive factors explain the development and maintenance of contamination fears associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Few studies to date have aimed to establish causality or temporal precedence for cognitions predicting OCD-relevant distress and avoidance. The current study used a prospective design to assess threat appraisals, personality traits, and obsessive compulsive symptoms in an unselected sample of university students and community members (N = 105) several days prior to a contamination behavioural approach task (BAT) in a public washroom. Results of the hierarchical regressions demonstrated that prospective danger appraisals significantly predicted both disgust and avoidance on the BAT, even when controlling for neuroticism, disgust sensitivity, and OCD symptoms. In contrast, looming germ spread appraisals and responsibility appraisals were not significant predictors of the BAT. Results from in vivo distress ratings and implicit reaction time data indicated that disgust is more strongly associated with contaminants compared with anxiety. The findings of this research suggest that psychological treatment for contamination concerns should include monitoring of disgust as a process and outcome variable in exposure paradigms, and focus on reappraisal of danger estimates related to disease in cognitive paradigms.
Affiliation: Arts, Faculty of
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2429/935
Scholarly Level: Graduate

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

UBC Library
1961 East Mall
Vancouver, B.C.
Canada V6T 1Z1
Tel: 604-822-6375
Fax: 604-822-3893